jijel online Index du Forum jijel online
forum des jijliens
S’enregistrerRechercherFAQMembresGroupesConnexion


 Bienvenue au forum des jijeliens 
Womens Martin Frk Jersey

 
Répondre au sujet    jijel online Index du Forum » jijelonline » kahwa di jijel Sujet précédent
Sujet suivant
Womens Martin Frk Jersey
Auteur Message
ding2018
vip
vip

Hors ligne

Inscrit le: 20 Avr 2018
Messages: 298
Point(s): 298
Moyenne de points: 1,00

Message Womens Martin Frk Jersey Répondre en citant
A high-speed railway line in China. (PhotoCeweekly)
The expanded high-speed train network in China has started to make a profit in the populated east Adidas Nicklas Backstrom Jersey , but services running through the vast central and western regions are still far from breaking even.


In 2015, six high-speed rail lines made a profit, with the Beijing-Shanghai route topping the list at a net profit of 6.58 billion yuan ($990 million), said China Economic Weekly on Tuesday, citing a report from the national railway authority.


The six profitable lines all connect mega cities in populated areas with strong economies such as Beijing, Tianjin Adidas Alex Ovechkin Jersey , Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shenzhen and Guangzhou. Except for the Beijing-Tianjin high speed railway, the other five lines have managed to turn from deficit to profit within five years of operations.


The report showed the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed train that began working in 2011 almost broke even in 2014 due to its large passenger volume. Daily numbers reached 290,000 Authentic Evgeny Kuznetsov Jersey , generating revenues of 30 billion yuan from ticket sales that year.


Two other high-speed trains, both in Yangtze River Delta, also managed to make a profit last year. The Shanghai-Ningbo rail had a net profit of 641 million yuan while the Ningbo-Hangzhou rail line earned 101 million yuan.


But in contrast to profitable railways in the east, high-speed connections in central and western regions fell far short of profitability. Many experts said performance is closely related to the population and economic strength of cities they serve.


The report said many high-speed rail lines connecting major cities in the central and western regions continue to lose money, and some are far from breaking even.


The Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed rail has run at a loss since it began operating in 2010, when passenger numbers failed to reach half of capacity. In 2012 Authentic T. J. Oshie Jersey , the line had a loss of 1.4 billion yuan.


By the end of 2015, China's high-speed railway network had extended rapidly, with the total track reaching 19,000 kilometers, 60 percent of the world's total for high-speed rail.


China has even more ambitious plans, saying by 2020 Authentic Nicklas Backstrom Jersey , the total track would grow to 30,000 kilometers and reach 38,000 kilometers by 2025.

For several small- and medium-sized MEP (M&E) firms, incorporating a 3D BIM-based workflow that works parallel to their conventional CAD-based processes is an extremely painstaking procedure that requires meticulous planning. As facility developers, MEP (M&E) contractors, and consultants demand 3D parametric modelling-based deliverables Authentic Alex Ovechkin Jersey , transitioning to BIM processes is no longer an alternative for several building services firms who employ only 2D approaches. For instance, engineering services design firms who have been traditionally employing AutoCAD are largely starting to adopt BIM processes based on Revit MEP to deliver coordinated models and drawings. As a result, this necessitates such organisations to undergo comprehensive BIM orientation and project-oriented Revit MEP training courses.

An ideal, integrated approach to train firms on the parametric model-based design and documentation processes should include the following stages:

1. Identifying Current Technical Workflows and Business Processes
This is a preliminary stage wherein the BIM experts or training providers should meet with firm’s key senior personnel, including project managers, project team leads Evgeny Kuznetsov Jersey , senior HVAC engineers, building services designers, piping designers, and electrical engineers, to understand how their roles fit into the company’s workflow and project delivery methodologies.

2. Recognise Crucial Pain Points That May Hinder BIM Implementation
Once the firm’s senior executives are interviewed, it is important to evaluate important areas which may hamper the BIM implementation process. These include staff resistance T. J. Oshie Jersey , integrating new workflows and tools with traditional processes, solving interdisciplinary communication issues, upgrading hardware infrastructure, and initiating process software application training for employees.

3. Initiate BIM Process Training
As opposed to the traditional 2D CAD workflow, the 3D model-based design, documentation Nicklas Backstrom Jersey , and analysis workflow is more collaborative and necessitates frequent interdisciplinary meetings and discussions. Whilst the conventional process requires each trade to develop its own set of drawings, BIM entails each of the building services trades to work simultaneously on a central file through a process called ‘worksharing’. As a result, such drastic changes brought about by Revit MEP implementation requires key senior personnel to be trained on BIM methodologies.

4. Provide Revit MEP Training to CAD Technicians
Once the senior personnel are trained on BIM processes and methodologies, the stage is set for CAD production staff to undergo detailed Revit MEP training course. This training may be conducted in office by Autodesk Certified trainers, may be entirely web-based, or a mix of both. Besides Alex Ovechkin Jersey , Autodesk Authorised Training Centers provide short-term orientation courses as well as professional BIM mentoring modules to firms. Such training modules help the production staff as well as the firm’s senior personnel plan how to deploy Revit MEP across multidisciplinary building services teams with a view to reduce rework, increase accuracy, and deliver clash-free MEP (M&E) design projects on time.

5. Perform Pilot Testing on Projects Already Delivered
This is the most important stage wherein the firm uses the knowledge gained during process and software training to implement projects they have already completed. As a result, this gives a valuable input as to how BIM methodologies enable building services coordination and interoperabili.


Mer 11 Juil - 03:39:42 (2018)
Publicité






Message Publicité
PublicitéSupprimer les publicités ?

Mer 11 Juil - 03:39:42 (2018)
Montrer les messages depuis:    
Répondre au sujet    jijel online Index du Forum » jijelonline » kahwa di jijel Toutes les heures sont au format GMT + 2 Heures
Page 1 sur 1

 
Sauter vers: 

Portail | Index | Panneau d’administration | Créer un forum | Forum gratuit d’entraide | Annuaire des forums gratuits | Signaler une violation | Conditions générales d'utilisation
Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group
Design by Freestyle XL / Flowers Online.Traduction par : phpBB-fr.com